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See the map of Torres del Paine

 
 
See the map of Tierra del Fuego
 
 
 
   
 
 
Torres of the Paine, Tierra del Fuego (Fireland) and Cabo de Hornos (Cape Horn) are located in the 12th Region of Magellan and in the Chilean Antarctic Territory.
This sector is called Patagonia and the name is due to the legend of the giant Patagonian people. It is a territory that has generated the most incredible stories, where nature is found in a virgin and captivating state.
Torres del Paine Tierra del Fuego Cabo de Hornos
 
The Torres del Paine National Park is Reservation of the Biosphere since 1978. In this area located the colossal towers and granite horns that have given it world fame, with heights of up to 3.050 meters above sea level. The climate here is unstable and even in summer the winds can be faster than 120 km/h.
The landscape of the National Park Torres del Paine is due to movements of the earth 12 million years ago that gave origin to impressive cumbers like Monte Paine Grande (3.050 m.a.s.l.), Los Cuernos del Paine (2.600, 2.400, 2.200 m.a.s.l.), Torres del Paine (2250, 2460 y 2500 m.a.s.l.), Fortaleza (2800 m.a.s.l.), and Escudo (2700 m.a.s.l.), with glaciers on some of them. Due to the vicinity of the Southern Ice Fields, the park has countless rivers, lagoons and lakes that owe their formation to the thaws of the glaciers. Among the lakes, the most interesting are the lakes Sarmiento, Nordenskjold, Pehoé, Grey, Paine and Dickson. There are many lagoons of varied sizes like Verde (Green) lagoon, Azul (Blue) lagoon and Honda (Deep) lagoon, among others.
The biggest rivers are Pingo, Paine, Serrano and Grey. The most important is the Paine river whose origin is in the Lake Dickson, in the park’s north end, and crosses various lakes to end in the Lago del Toro, on the park’s southern end. On his way, the river has three spectacular cascades: Paine, Salto Grande (big jump) and Salto Chico (small jump).
The park conserves fragile ecosystems inhabited by guanacos, foxes, ñandus and flamingos. The park has various circuits to follow, some to be done by car, but the most touching are the trekking and the horse back ride paths.
This wonderful park offers the visitor the possibility to carry out many trekking trips through properly marked circuits. You can make these trips with a hired guide or on your own. The duration of these walks varies (depending on the interests and the tourists' aptitudes) between 1 and 7 days. The must popular circuit is the one called "W", which can be made easily in 4 days and 3 nights, where you will enjoy unbeatable views and landscapes.
Other options plows horseback rides of different duration in specially trained horses, sailings in kayak with specialist guides, or the excellent possibility of fishing an exemplar of brown trout or a rainbow trout in the Serrano river.
For the lodging there are from well equipped refuges to basic camping sites, all of them under the supervision of the National Forest Corporation (CONAF).
Tierra del Fuego is beyond Magellan's Strait. Hernando of Magellan called it this way because, when discovering the territory in 1520, he sighted a series of fires in its coast. They were lit by the Onas-selknam, the original inhabitants that were violently exterminated during the colonization.
The island, full of mysteries and legends, invites today to enjoy an unique landscape and of extraordinary places for sport fishing, the life in the “estancias”, the observation of flora and fauna and sailing in the channels of the south of the world.
Crossing bays and fiords, you can arrive to the Darwin's Mountain range, the beginning of the thick Magellan forest, crowned by glaciers. Not much farther to the west it is the bay D'Agostini that opens the way to the snowdrift Serrano.
The journey to Tierra del Fuego continues through channels like the Magdalena and the Beagle, which are the way (through landscapes of mountains and cascades) to arrive in Puerto Williams, the most southern town in Chile.
Cape Horn is the name of the most southern end in the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego, in the south end of Chile. Considered traditionally as the most southern point in America, it is also the most southern in the three big capes and it marks the northern border of the Drake Passage.
For many years Cape Horn was a major milestone on the clipper route, by which sailing ships carried trade around the world. However, the waters around the cape are particularly hazardous, due to strong winds, large waves, and icebergs.
With the opening of the Panama Canal, the merchant sailing around the cape has decreased notably. However, sailing around the Horn is widely regarded as one of the major challenges in yachting, and a number of recreational sailing events sail this route, sometimes as part of a circumnavigation of the globe, like the Vendée Globe.
 
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