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Location

The Chilean territory is to the south west of the American continent, from the 17º 30' and the 90º of south latitude.

 

Its continental length is of approximately 4.200 km and of 8.000 km in total if we sum the Chilean Antarctica.

Also are part of the country the Easter Island or Rapa Nui (in Polynesian language), the Juan Fernández Archipelago, the islands San Félix, San Ambrosio and Sala y Gómez, and the territorial waters of 200 miles and its corresponding continental platform.
 
Limits
Chile limits to the north with the Peru, to the east with Bolivia and Argentina, to the west with the Pacific Ocean and to the south with the South Pole.
Surface

The continental and insular country area is 756.626 square kilometers. The Antarctic territory has an area of 1.250.000 square kilometers, summing a total area of 2.006.626 s-km.

The width of the country is in average 177 kilometers, with a minimum of 90 kilometers north of the Rio Choapa mouth.
Natural Patrimony

Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF) is the state institution in charge of preserving the country’s natural patrimony through a protected territory that covers about 14 million hectares, equivalent to 19% of the national territory, formed by 94 operational units distributed in 31 National Parks, 48 National Reserves and 15 National Monuments.

 
History
According to the most recent archaeological investigations, Chile has been inhabited for more than 10.000 years. In the XVI century, part of the country belonged to the Inca empire. In that same century it was discovered and conquered by the Spaniards. In the south of Chile the Mapuche lived, a belligerent people that opposed the Spanish domain and who the Spaniards could never subject. The country begins independence from Spain starting with the declaration of the First National Government Assembly in September 18, 1810, later formalized in the Declaration of Independence on the 2nd of February 1818. From that date on, Chile has been consolidating itself as a republican state, actually an example for the continent.
 
Some important numbers

Internal product: 115.000 million dollar ( 2005 ).

Per capita income: US$ 7.100 a year (2005).

Illiteracy: 4.3% (2002).

Public libraries: 378 (2005).

Museums: There are about 100 museums, of which 26 are central government dependent through the Direction of Libraries, Archives and Museums (DIBAM). There are also important museums administered by universities, foundations and municipalities.

Newspapers: 25, including 16 regional newspapers.

 
 
 
Contact
 
Go Up
 
 
Large North
 
Small North
Central Coastline
 
Metropolitan Region
 
Route of the Wine
 
Route of the Volcanoes
 
Chile’s South
Crossing the Lakes
 
Austral Road
 
Patagonia - Antarctic
 
Islands